43. Surah Az-Zukhruf

1. Haa-Meeem

حم

Ha-Mim
Full Transliteration
1. Haa-Meeem
2. Wal Kitaabil Mubeen
3. Innaa ja'alnaahu Quraanan 'Arabiyyal la'allakum ta'qiloon
4. Wa innahoo feee Ummil Kitaabi Ladainaa la'aliyyun hakeem
5. Afa nadribu 'ankumuz Zikra safhan an kuntum qawman musrifeen
6. Wa kam arsalnaa min Nabiyyin fil awwaleen
7. Wa maa ya'teehim min Nabiyyin illaa kaanoo bihee yasahzi'oon
8. Fa ahlaknaaa ashadda minhum batshanw wa madaa masalul awwaleen
9. Wa la'in sa altahum man khalaqas samaawaati wal arda la yaqoolunna khalaqa hunnal 'Azeezul 'Aleem
10. Allazee ja'ala lakumul arda mahdanw wa ja'ala lakum feehaa subulan la'allakum tahtadoon
11. Wallazee nazzala minas samaaa'i maaa'an biqadarin fa ansharnaa bihee baldatan maitaa' kazaalika tukhrajoon
12. Wallazee khalaqal azwaaja kullahaa wa ja'ala lakum minal fulki wal-an'aami maa tarkaboon
13. Litastawoo 'alaa zuhoorihee summa tazkuroo ni'mata Rabbikum izastawaitum 'alaihi wa taqooloo Subhaanal lazee sakhkhara lana haaza wa maa kunnaa lahoo muqrineen
14. Wa innaaa ilaa Rabbinaa lamunqaliboon
15. Wa ja'aloo lahoo min 'ibaadihee juz'aa; innal insaana la kafoorun mubeen (section 1)
16. Amit takhaza mimmaa yakhluqu banaatinw wa asfaakum bilbaneen
17. Wa izaa bushshira ahaduhum bimaa daraba lir Rahmaani masalan zalla wajhuhoo muswaddanw wa huwa kazeem
18. Awa mai yunashsha'u fil hilyati wa huwa fil khisaami ghairu mubeen
19. Wa ja'alul malaaa'ikatal lazeena hum 'ibaadur Rahmaani inaasaa; 'a shahidoo khalqahum; satuktabu shahaadatuhum wa yus'aloon
20. Wa qaaloo law shaaa'ar Rahmaanu maa 'abadnaahum; maa lahum bizaalika min 'ilmin in hum illaa yakhrusoon
21. Am aatainaahum Kitaaban min qablihee fahum bihee mustamsikoon
22. Bal qaalooo innaa wajadnaaa aabaaa'anaa 'alaaa ummatinw wa innaa 'alaaa aasaarihim muhtadoon
23. Wa kazaalika maaa arsalnaa min qablika fee qaryatim min nazeerin illaa qaala mutrafoohaaa innaa wajadnaaa aabaaa'anaa 'alaaa ummatinw wa innaa 'alaaa aasaarihim muqtadoon
24. Qaala awa law ji'tukum bi ahdaa mimmaa wajatdtum 'alaihi aabaaa'akum qaalooo innaa bimaaa ursiltum bihee kaafiroon
25. Fantaqamnaa minhum fanzur kaifa kaana 'aaqibatul mukazzibeen (section 2)
26. Wa iz qaala Ibraaheemu li abeehi wa qawmiheee innanee baraaa'un mimmaa ta'budoon
27. Illal lazee fataranee fa innahoo sa yahdeen
28. Wa ja'alahaa kalimatan baaqiyatan fee 'aqibihee la 'allahum yarji'oon
29. Bal matta'tu haaa'ulaaa'i wa aabaaa'ahum hattaa jaaa'a humul haqqu wa Rasoolun mubeen
30. Wa lammaa jaaa'ahumul haqqu qaaloo haazaa sihrunw wa innaa bihee kaafiroon
31. Wa qaaloo law laa nuzzila haazal Quraanu 'alaa rajulin minal qaryataini 'azeem
32. 'A hum yaqsimoona rahmata Rabbik; Nahnu qasamnaa bainahum ma'eeshatahum fil hayaatid dunyaa wa rafa'naa ba'dahum fawqa ba'din darajaatin li yattakhiza ba'duhum ba'dan sukhriyyaa; wa rahmatu Rabbika khairun mimmaa yajma'oon
33. Wa law laaa any yakoonan naasu ummatanw waahidatan laja'alnaa limany yakfuru bir Rahmaani li buyootihim suqufan min fiddatinw wa ma'aarija 'alaihaa yazharoon
34. Wa li buyootihim abwaabanw wa sururan 'alaihaa yattaki'oon
35. Wa zukhrufaa; wa in kullu zaalika lammaa mataa'ul hayaatid dunyaa; wal aakhiratu 'inda Rabbika lilmuttaqeen (section 3)
36. Wa mai ya'shu 'an zikrir Rahmaani nuqaiyid lahoo Shaitaanan fahuwa lahoo qareen
37. Wa innahum la yasuddoo nahum 'anis sabeeli wa yahsaboona annahum muhtadoon
38. Hattaaa izaa jaaa'anaa qaala yaa laita bainee wa bainaka bu'dal mashriqaini fabi'sal qareen
39. Wa lai yanfa'akumul Yawma iz zalamtum annakum fil 'azaabi mushtarikoon
40. Afa anta tusmi'us summa aw tahdil 'umya wa man kaana fee dalaalin mubeen
41. Fa immaa nazhabanna bika fa innaa minhum muntaqimoon
42. Aw nuriyannakal lazee wa'adnaahum fa innaa 'alaihim muqtadiroon
43. Fastamsik billazeee oohiya ilaika innaka 'alaa Siraatin Mustaqeem
44. Wa innahoo la zikrun laka wa liqawmika wa sawfa tus'aloon
45. Was'al man arsalnaa min qablika mir Rusulinaaa 'a ja'alnaa min doonir Rahmaani aalihatany yu'badoon (section 4)
46. Wa laqad arsalnaa Moosaa bi aayaatinaaa ilaa Fir'awna wa mala'ihee faqaala innee Rasoolu Rabbil 'aalameen
47. Falamma jaaa'ahum bi aayaatinaaa izaa hum minhaa yadhakoon
48. Wa maa nureehim min aayatin illaa hiya akbaru min ukhtihaa wa akhaznaahum bil'azaabi la'allahum yarji'oon
49. Wa qaaloo yaaa ayyuhas saahirud'u lanaa Rabbaka bimaa 'ahida 'indaka innanaa lamuhtadoon
50. Falammaa kashafnaa 'anhumul 'azaaba izaa hum yankusoon
51. Wa naadaa Fir'awnu fee qawmihee qaala yaa qawmi alaisa lee mulku Misra wa haazihil anhaaru tajree min tahtee afalaa tubsiroon
52. Am ana khairun min haazal lazee huwa maheenunw wa laa yakaadu yubeen
53. Falaw laa ulqiya 'alaihi aswiratun min zahabin aw jaaa'a ma'ahul malaaa'ikatu muqtarineen
54. Fastakhaffa qawmahoo fa ataa'ooh; innahum kaanoo qawman faasiqeen
55. Falammaaa aasafoonan taqamnaa minhum fa aghraqnaahum ajma'een
56. Faja'alnaahum salafanw wa masalan lil aakhireen (section 5)
57. Wa lammaa duribab nu Maryama masalan izaa qawmuka minhu yasiddoon
58. Wa qaalooo 'a-aalihatunaa khairun am hoo; maa daraboohu laka illaa jadalaa; balhum qawmun khasimoon
59. In huwa illaa 'abdun an'amnaa 'alaihi wa ja'alnaahu masalan li Baneee Israaa'eel
60. Wa law nashaaa'u laja'alnaa minkum malaaa'ikatan fil ardi yakhlufoon
61. Wa innahoo la 'ilmun lis Saa'ati fa laa tamtarunna bihaa wattabi'oon; haazaa Siraatun Mustaqeem
62. Wa laa yasuddan nakumush Shaitaanu innahoo lakum 'aduwwun mubeen
63. Wa lammaa jaaa'a 'Eesaa bilbaiyinaati qaala qad ji'tukum bil Hikmati wa li-ubaiyina lakum ba'dal lazee takhtalifoona feehi fattaqul laaha wa atee'oon
64. Innal laaha Huwa Rabbee wa Rabbukum fa'budooh; haaza Siraatum Mustaqeem
65. Fakhtalafal ahzaabu min bainihim fa wailun lil lazeena zalamoo min 'azaabi Yawmin aleem
66. Hal yanzuroona illas Saa'ata an ta'tiyahum baghtatanw wa hum laa yash'uroon
67. Al akhillaaa'u Yawma'izin ba'duhum liba'din 'aduwwun illal muttaqeen (section 6)
68. Yaa 'ibaadi laa khawfun 'alaikumul Yawma wa laaa antum tahzanoon
69. Allazeena aamanoo bi Aayaatinaa wa kaanoo muslimeen
70. Udkhulul Jannata antum wa azwaajukum tuhbaroon
71. Yutaafu 'alaihim bi sihafin min zahabinw wa akwaab, wa feehaa maa tashtaheehil anfusu wa talazzul a'yunu wa antum feehaa khaalidoon
72. Wa tilkal jannatul lateee ooristumoohaa bimaa kuntum ta'maloon
73. Lakum feehaa faakihatun kaseeratun minhaa ta'kuloon
74. Innal mujrimeena fee 'azaabi jahannama khaalidoon
75. Laa yufattaru 'anhum wa hum feehi mublisoon
76. Wa maa zalamnaahum wa laakin kaanoo humuz zaalimeen
77. Wa naadaw yaa Maaliku liyaqdi 'alainaa Rabbuka qaala innakum maakithoon
78. Laqad ji'naakum bilhaqqi wa laakinna aksarakum lil haqqi kaarihoon
79. Am abramooo amran fainnaa mubrimoon
80. Am yahsaboona annaa laa nasma'u sirrahum wa najwaahum; balaa wa Rusulunaa ladaihim yaktuboon
81. Qul in kaana lir Rahmaani walad; fa-ana awwalul 'aabideen
82. Subhaana Rabbis samaawaati wal ardi Rabbil Arshi 'ammaa yasifoon
83. Fazarhum yakhoodoo wa yal'aboo hattaa yulaaqoo Yawmahumul lazee yoo'adoon
84. Wa Huwal lazee fissamaaa'i ilaahunw wa fil ardi ilaah; wa Huwal Hakeemul 'Aleem
85. Wa tabaarakal lazee lahoo mulkus samaawaati wal ardi wa maa bainahumaa wa 'indahoo 'ilmus Saa'ati wa ilaihi turja'oon
86. Wa laa yamlikul lazeena yad'oona min doonihish shafaa'ata illaa man shahida bilhaqqi wa hum ya'lamoon
87. Wa la'in sa altahum man khalaqahum la yaqoolun nallaahu fa annaa yu'fakoon
88. Wa qeelihee yaa Rabbi inna haaa'ulaaa'i qawmul laa yu'minoon
89. Fasfah 'anhum wa qul salaam; fasawfa ya'lamoon (section 7)
Audio: English
Audio: Arabic & English

Recitation by Mishary Al-Alfasy

Tafseer


It is derived from the word zukhruf-an which occurs in verse 33 of this Surah.

Period of Revelation
It could not be known from any authentic tradition, but a study of its subject matter shows that this Surah also was sent down in the same period in which the Surahs Al-Mumin, As-Sajdah and Ash-Shura, were sent down. It appears that the revelation of this series of the Surahs began when the disbelievers of Makkah were planning to put an end to the Holy Prophet's life. Day and night they were holding consultations in their assemblies as how to eliminate him, and even an attack on his life also had been made as has been clearly referred to in vv. 79-80.

Theme and Topics
In this Surah a forceful and severe criticism has been made of the Quraish and the common Arabs creeds and superstitions of ignorance in which they persisted, and their stubbornness has been exposed in a firm and effective way, so that every member of the society, who was reasonable in some degree, should be made to consider the evils in which the community was involved and its tyrannical treatment of the person who was trying to redeem it.

The discourse starts in a way as if to say: "You, by means of your mischiefs, want that the revelation of this Book should be stopped, but Allah has never withheld the appointment of His Prophets and the revelation of His Books because of the mischief of the people, but has destroyed the wicked people, who obstructed the way of His guidance. The same He will do again. A little further in vv. 41-43 and 79-80 the same thing has been reiterated. Though the people who were plotting against his life are meant, the Holy Prophet has been addressed to the effect: "whether you remain alive or not, We will certainly punish the wicked," and the people themselves have been plainly warned to the effect: "If you have decided to take an action against Our Prophet, We too will take a decisive action."

Then, it has been told what is the reality of the religion that the people are following so devotedly and what are the arguments on whose strength they are resisting Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's peace and Blessings).

They themselves admit that the Creator of the earth and heavens and of themselves and their deities is only Allah. They also know and admit that the blessings they are benefiting from, have been bestowed by Allah; yet they insist on making others associates of Allah in His Godhead.

They regard the servants as the children of Allah, and that too daughters, whom they regard as disgraceful for themselves.

They believe that the angels are goddesses; they have carved their images as females; they adorn them with female dresses and ornaments, and call them daughters of Allah: they worship them and invoke them for the fulfillment of their needs. How did they know that the angels were female?

When they are rebuked for these superstitions, they present the pretense of destiny and say :"Had Allah disapproved of these our practices, we could not have worshiped these images, whereas the means of finding out whether Allah had approved of something or not, are His Books and not those things which are happening in the world according to His Will. For under His Will not only idol worship but crimes like theft and adultery, robbery. murder, etc. also are being committed. Can this argument be used to justify as right and proper this commission of every crime and evil is the world?

When it is asked: Have you any other authority, apart from this wrong argument, for the polytheism of yours? They reply, "The same has been the practice since the time of our forefathers." In other words, this in their opinion is a strong enough argument for a creed's being right and true, whereas the Prophet Abraham, descent from whom is the only basis of their pride and distinction, had rejected the religion of his elders and left his home, and he had discarded every such blind imitation of his forefathers, which did not have the support of any rational argument. Then, if these people had to follow their elders only, for this also they selected their most ignorant elders and abandoned their most illustrious elders like the Prophets Abraham and Ishmael (on whom be peace).

When they are asked: "Has ever a Prophet or a Book sent down by God also given this teaching that others beside Allah too are worthy of worship? they present this practice of the Christians as an argument that they took Jesus son of Mary as son of God and worshiped him; whereas the question was not this whether the community of a Prophet had committed shirk or not, but this whether a Prophet had himself taught shirk. Jesus son of Mary had never said that he was son of God and that the people should worship him. His own was the same teaching which every other Prophet had given "My Lord as well as your Lord is Allah: so worship Him alone."

They were disinclined to believe in the Prophethood of the Holy Prophet because he was neither a rich man nor a person of high worldly position and rank. They said "Had Allah willed to appoint a prophet among us, He would have appointed one of the great men of' our two cities (Makkah and Taif). On that very basis, Pharaoh also had looked down upon the Prophet Moses and said: "If Allah, the King of the heavens, had to send a messenger to me, the king of the earth, He would have sent him with bracelets of gold and a company of angels in attendance. Where from has this mendicant appeared I am superior to him, for the kingdom of Egypt belongs to me, and the canals of the River Nile are flowing under my control. What is the status of this man as against me? He has neither wealth nor authority."

Thus, after criticizing each practice of ignorance of the disbelievers and rejecting it with rational arguments, it has been pointed out: "Neither has God any offspring, nor are there separate gods of the earth and heavens, nor is there any intercessor who may be able to protect from His punishment those who adopt deviation knowingly. Allah is far above this that He should have children. He alone is the God of the whole Universe: all others are His servants and not associates in His attributes and powers, and only such men can intercede with Him, who are themselves followers of the Truth and they also can intercede only for those who may have adopted obedience of the Truth in the world."